Dynamic detection of nuclear reactor core incident

Laurent Hartert, Danielle Nuzillard et Jean-Philippe Jeannot

Surveillance,safety and security of evolving systems are a challenge to prevent accident. The dynamic detection of a hypothetical and theoretical blockage incident in the Phenix nuclear reactor is investigated. Such an incident is characterized by abnormal temperature rises in the neighbourhood of the concerned reactor core assembly. The dataset is the output temperature map of the reactor, it is provided by the Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission(CEA). A real time approach is proposed, based on a sliding temporal window, it is divided into two steps. The first one behaves like a sieve, its function is to detect simultaneous temperature evolutions in a close neighbourhood which may induce a potential incident. When such evolutions are detected, the second step computes the temperature contrast between each assembly having these evolutions and its neighbourhood. This method permits to monitor the system evolution in real time while only few observations are required. Results are validated on various noisy realistic simulated perturbations.

Mots cl├ęs

Evolving system, Dynamic detection of perturbations, Contrast, Fast-neutron reactor, Neighbourhood, Noise